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Link budgeting/Costing of Satellite BW (Bandwidth)

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Ex Member
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Sep 1st, 2016 at 7:39am  
Hello every one,

I'm from Pakistan and i'm new in this forum.
Hope you are doing well.

I have a question regarding link budgeting or costing of satellite BW.

How can i costing per each customer and overall network.
For Example,

We have 10 customer, and each customer have 512 kbps downstream and 512 kbps upstream.

so how can i calculate BW first per each customer and then overall network BW.

how can i found out how much BW i could buy form satellite operator.

and if there is BW formula so please tell me.


Thanks,
Fahad Ali  Smiley
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Reply #1 - Sep 1st, 2016 at 10:11am  
Your will probably need to adjust your design to meet the cost expectations of your customers.

Let us start with the most expensive design, which provides dedicated capacity 24/7 to and from all sites:

Hub to remotes:
1 carrier 5120 Kbit/s
Modulation QPSK (2 bit/symbol)  FEC 3/4 rate
Symbol rate = 5120 / 2 * 4/3 = 3413 ksps
Allocated Bandwidth needed = approx 1.35 x symbol rate = 3413 * 1.35 = 4.6 MHz

Remoted to hub:
10 carriers each 512 kbit/s
Modulation QPSK (2 bit/symbol)  FEC 3/4 rate
Symbol rate per carrier = 512 / 2 * 4/3 = 341 ksps
Allocated Bandwidth needed = 10 x approx 1.35 x symbol rate = 3413 * 1.35 = 4.6 MHz

Now for a cheap shared design:

Hub to remotes:
1 carrier 2048 kbit/s
Modulation QPSK (2 bit/symbol)  FEC 3/4 rate
Symbol rate = 2048 / 2 * 4/3 = 1356 ksps
Allocated Bandwidth needed = approx 1.35 x symbol rate = 1356 * 1.35 = 1.84 MHz

Remotes to hub:
1 TDMA carrier 512 kbit/s
Modulation QPSK (2 bit/symbol)  FEC 3/4 rate
Symbol rate = 512 / 2 * 4/3 = 341 ksps
Allocated Bandwidth needed = approx 1.35 x symbol rate = 0.46 MHz

This gives you "Up to 2048 Mbit/s on the shared outlink and "Up to 512 kbit/s" on the return links. There will be congestion.

==

If you modify either of the above by using larger antennas and can get 16QAM with 0.9 FEC to work you will reduce the allocated bandwidth needed and drastically reduce the satellite transponder cost, at some increase in the cost of all 11 antennas.

Modern modems may have better filtering and the factor to get from symbol rate to allocated bandwidth may be less, like 1.2

See: http://www.satsig.net/symbol01.htm

http://www.satsig.net/lnb/ebno-calculator.htm

Get hold of iDirect data sheets and design documents.
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« Last Edit: Sep 1st, 2016 at 12:12pm by Admin1 »  
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Reply #2 - Sep 2nd, 2016 at 10:52am  
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