Useful links to elsewhere on this web site:

Satellite broadband and internet access worldwide

List of satellites

Reducing interference into satellite antennas

TDMA explanation

VSAT equipment for sale

VSAT information

Find your lat and long

Satellite dish pointing and range calculation

VSAT satellite dish installers in Africa

Mount for 1.8m antenna

Examples of Andrew 123 VSAT dish installations by Klaus Merkens

Andrew 123 antenna feed, LNB and BUC assembly

Fig 1.  The picture above shows a Ku band cross polar feed.  The finned unit on the right is the 14 GHz transmit BUC and the upper units on the left are the transmit reject filter (TRF) and the LNB.  The broad faces of the LNB and TRF waveguide are on either side and therefore the receive polarisation is Horizontal with an approx 15 deg anticlockwise adjustment, as viewed while looking towards the satellite. Note the auto-vulcanising tape used around the waveguide joints to protect against  humidity entering.

This installation is in Cotonou, Benin, Africa.

1.2m Andrew 123 antenna with non penetrating mount

Fig 2.  This non penetrating mount frame may be used either with concrete blocks fitted into the rectangular frames, or alternatively, as here, may be attached to the concrete base with six expanding screw bolts.

On the roof top. Instead of using ballast plates the NPM was fixed with screws and bolts on the concrete roof surface. To balance the relatively strong inclination of the roof the prepared holes on the diagonal arms of the mount could not be used. We had to drill new ones in order to get the vertical tube exactly vertical.  Cotonou,  Benin.

Andrew 123 antenna with minus 50 deg polarisation setting

Fig 3.  This image show a similar feed to that above in Fig 1.  In this case the feed is rotated further left anticlockwise, perhaps -50 deg polarisation adjustment.  The starting position for horizontal polarisation would have been with the LNB on the top, directly above the transmit BUC.

This installation is in  Accra/Ghana.

Andrew 123 antenna as viewed towads the satellite, note the minus 50 deg anticlockwise feed assembly rotation

Fig4.  As viewed towards the satellite.  The minus 50 deg anticlockwise rotation adjustment of the Horizontal polarisation is clearly seen.  The red line, showing the orientation of the LNB, has been tilted 50 deg anticlockwise.


See here installation manual for Andrew 123 antenna (warning 1.5 Mbytes pdf file)

The Andrew 123 dish is a 1.2m diameter antenna with a relatively long focal length (the distance from the feed to the lower edge of the reflector) compared with the dish diameter.  This improves the cross-polar isolation performance and reduces interference both to and from other services on the same satellite. The dish has a performance of better than 30 dB cross-pol isolation within the -1 dB transmit beam width.  This is good. The antenna offset angle is 16.97 deg, which means that if the front surface of the reflector rim is oriented vertically then the beam elevation angle is 16.97 deg.

All the four VSAT dish photos above have been kindly provided by Klaus Merkens of and are used here with his permission. Copyright remains by Klaus Merckens.  27th August 2007 Amended 17 Dec 2014

Page started 27 Aug 2007, amended 18 July 2021